More often than not, fishing is considered a ‘lazy’ activity by most people who do not associate with it.
But very few activities can combine the preparedness, planning, patience, and the reward that comes with fishing, whether you think of it as a hobby, a sport, or even a lazy activity, most people who engage in it find it very fulfilling.
If you have decided to go fishing, knowing where you should fish is an important consideration. You may choose to go saltwater fishing in the sea or might find it fun angling in a thrashing river. When it comes to freshwater, though, the river isn’t the only option.
Many people prefer the moderate activity of lake or pond fishing. This is what we will focus on for this article – tips that can make your pond fishing easy and fun.
- 1 Pond vs. Other Bodies of Water
- 2 What Do You Need for Pond Fishing?
- 3 Some Useful Tips for Pond Fishing
- 4 Common Questions
- 4.1 Can You Fish at Any Pond?
- 4.2 How to Know If There Is Fish in the Pond?
- 4.3 What about Regulations?
- 4.4 What is the Best Bait For Pond Fishing?
- 4.5 How Do You Fish in a Shallow Pond?
- 4.6 What are the Best Water Temperatures for Pond Fishing or Small Lake Fishing?
- 4.7 How Can I Get More Creative in My Pond Fishing Approach?
- 4.8 What are Some Tips and Tricks for Pond Trout Fishing?
- 4.9 Which Bait Works Well for Catching Rainbow Trout?
- 5 Conclusion
Pond vs. Other Bodies of Water
Before we dive into pond fishing, you should understand how a pond is different from other bodies of water.
The pond is often compared to a lake. In fact, most definitions of ponds are based on its comparison to a lake. Wikipedia defines it as an inland body of water that is smaller than a lake.
Some researchers argue with that definition and state that a pond is a body of water where most of its area is in the ‘photic’ zone.
The photic zone is an area in a body of water where sunlight can reach, thus enabling photosynthesis and promoting plant growth. In contrast, a lake is deep enough to have most of its area in an ‘aphotic’ zone, where sunlight doesn’t reach the bottom.
The depth is hard to map out, so many experts have reverted to the size-based definition of a pond. But there isn’t a clear-cut number over which a pond is classified as a lake.
Suffice to say that a pond can generally be (not universally) defined as a body of water that is smaller than lakes.
Whatever its size is, a pond is a stationary freshwater reserve.
This means that the fish species that dwell in it will be different from those you might find when fishing in a river or a stream. Many species of fish will be common between a pond and a lake.
What Do You Need for Pond Fishing?
Pond fishing is similar to lake fishing in a lot of ways, especially when it comes to equipment.
One thing you have to understand about pond fishing, or any other type of fishing for that matter, is that you don’t need a lot of stuff or the best-in-class hardware to enjoy or succeed in fishing. You just need to have the right gear and a basic understanding of what you are doing.
When it comes to pond fishing, the general practice is using a rod less than six feet in length, though people do have success with seven feet rods as well.
In ponds, you don’t need a lot of leverage on your fishing line, since you don’t need to fish too far from the bank, and neither are you working with a lot of depth. The material of the rod is also relevant. A sturdy fiberglass rod might not be a good fit for ponds.
A light and sensitive graphite rod would fare better.
A medium-light power and fast action rod would be optimal for pond fishing. The power level will work great with the type of baits you will be using to hook the pond fish since they are ideal for lures weighing 0.125 to 0.5 ounce.
The fast action element is excellent for active fish like the largemouth bass, one of the most common pond-dwellers. A smaller rod also allows for better casting in tighter confines.
Line and Reel
For pond fishing, you usually need a fishing line around the 10-pound strength. You can go with monofilament. It’s cheaper, easy to use, and perfect for topwater fishing. If you have to wade through a weed-filled pond, you might want to consider braid.
It’s expensive, but also much more durable. A braided line is even more sensitive since it has virtually no stretch. But the downside of using braid is that it’s evident in the water and might chase the fish away.
So, it might not be an excellent choice for clear water ponds. A fluorocarbon is another good option since its invisible to the fish, and it’s a great fit with soft plastic and reaction baits.
Bait and Lure
More than anything else, the most important thing to choose when pond fishing is the right bait or lure.
One of the most successful baits for ponds is spinnerbait. White is the most common choice of colors for these, but you can go with chartreuse as well.
You can also try tiny jerk baits and rattle traps baits, or a 3/16th ounce scrounger for small shad. If you are only working with live baits, you may also need a collection of hooks of the right sizes.
For pond fishing, single hooks of small to average sizes will suffice.
Senko (Yamamoto Senko) is also found to be one of the best baits for pond fishing.
For summertime fishing, weedless frogs and creature baits can also be the right choice. You can also opt for swimbaits or poppers.
If you want to work with live feed, you may go with Texas-rigged worms or something that lives in the shallows of the ponds or around the ponds.
Something the pond fish are used to will get you the best chance of catching them.
Other choices are minnows, catfish bait, and crayfish.
It’s best to have a bit of a variety in your lures and baits.
The right combination for the particular pond you are fishing might require some experimenting.
Apart from this primary fishing equipment, you will need bobbers (floats).
They help to keep the bait off the bottom, and with them, you will know when the fish has taken the bait, and you need to reel it in.
Weights (sinkers) are also another key part of your pond fishing kit.
The most common (and economical) choice is the split-shot weight. A pair of nose-pliers comes handy in removing hooks from the fish.
If you don’t have a knife or a similar tool, you will need a line cutter as well.
For fishing in broad daylight, a pair of sunglasses is also essential because, without them, you will hardly be able to see anything under that shiny, reflective pond surface.
Other than that, a first-aid safety kit should also be a part of your fishing bag.
Some Useful Tips for Pond Fishing
It is essential to understand that just like the pond is different from other bodies of water, one pond is different from another pond as well.
Some might have a wide variety of fish. Some might be populated with the most commonplace pond fish like bluegill, largemouth bass, catfish, or crappies.
Similarly, there will be some ponds that might offer a higher density of good-sized fish, while some may have very few basses reaching even up to 2 pounds. Some general tips and methods might work for all ponds, but in a lot of cases, you will need to understand the pond, experiment with equipment and bait, and adjust your fishing techniques to get the best out of any pond.
Some of the tips you will find useful when pond fishing are:
- The best times for pond fishing would be early morning or in the evening. This is especially true for summertime. These are the natural feeding times of pond fish, so that’s when they will bite the most.
- Small ponds may not be very rich in geographical cover and structures, so the fish will be mostly packed around whatever cover there is. Since ponds have a lot of photic zones, where there will be a lot of vegetation like bushes and weeds, that’s where you have a higher chance of finding fish. You are likely to find most catches in and around covers that offer protection, shade, and shelter to fish.
- Ponds might not prove excellent fishing spots right after the rain. Ponds are relatively small in size, and a lot of new water in a pond takes some time to stabilize. Unlike lakes, the effects of freshwater filling a pond take time to dissipate. If there has been a lot of rain, wait for at least a few days to try your luck at pond fishing.
- In the shallow waters of a pond, it’s effortless to see the fish. And just like it’s easy for you, it’s easy for the fish to spot you as well. Not to mention, since it’s a small body of water, even small changes will be felt clearly by the fish. So be gentle and walk around slowly and quietly when pond fishing. And try to stay a foot or two away from the bank.
- It’s much better to crouch or sit when pond fishing. Keep a low profile, so you don’t scare away the fish.
- Since most ponds are shallow, using a heavy sinker might cause the bait to rub on the bottom of the pond. It’s best if you can work without it.
- If there is a lot of undergrowth or weeds in the bottom, floating baits will work better than sinking ones, because you won’t be snagging them in the bottom now and then. Also, in the summers, the pond bass will not be at the bottom anyway, so you don’t have to worry about bagging less catch with topwater fishing.
- Fish in a pond may be less spread out than in a lake. A smaller body of water means the fish will be more actively competing for food. It will work in your favor, especially if you employ an aggressive lure presentation approach.
- Ponds with less fishing pressure or no fishing pressures will be easiest to fish since the fish there will not have been exposed to a variety of different lures and baits.
- If you can find the topographical lay of the pond, it might prove to be very helpful. Knowing about different depths and structures can improve your chances of bagging a good catch.
- The wind direction can also play a role in pond fishing. You might find more fish moving along the path of the wind.
- Don’t frequent one pond too much. It will put the fish on guard, and you or any other angler might have a tough time. Wait around a week to fish in the same pond twice.
- If you are fishing in a large pond and you are thinking of using a boat, make sure it’s a quiet one. A noisy motorboat will scatter the fish in every direction but yours.
- You can find a lot of fish where a source (a drain or a stream) is feeding into the pond.
- If you are looking for Bass in ponds, the best time of the year would be late spring or early summer. If the water is a bit muddy and unclear, you might have the best shot with vibrating baits.
- If you are fishing in the low-light times, your chances of hooking-up catfish are high since they tend to swim closer to banks in those times. But when the sun is properly up and bright, they usually move towards deeper waters, which might be hard when your bank fishing.
Can You Fish at Any Pond?
Yes, unless the pond privately owned and you don’t have permission, or there is no fish in the pond. Some ponds are either too small or don’t have the right water parameters to hold enough fish.
The size of the pond is an essential consideration because, as a little body of water, ponds are highly exposed to change in climatic conditions. A small pond may heat up faster and may also freeze faster and deeper than larger bodies of water.
Even the hardy fish like Bass can only take so much. Too much and too fast variation in temperature conditions do not encourage a lot of fish presence.
How to Know If There Is Fish in the Pond?
The easiest and most straightforward method will probably be throwing some floating feed at the bank. If bank-dwelling fish like Bass come up and feeds on it, you will have your answer.
You may also try to cast a plastic lure and wait for a few minutes.
Birds can also be an indicator of whether or not there are any fish in the pond. If you see birds swooping down to a pond, it means they are trying to feed on the fish there.
The presence of vegetation is also a good sign.
Where there are plants, there is enough oxygen for fish to thrive. You might simply spot the fish if you are walking slowly and stealthily by a riverbank of a pond with clear water. A portable fish finder is also an easy way to find out if there is fish in a pond. But it may seem like an added expense.
What about Regulations?
The most apparent regulation regarding pond fishing is the permission of the owner.
A lot of ponds are privately or commercially owned, and you can get a warning or worse for fishing in them without permission. Some ponds are even specifically stocked for fishing, but you will still need permission to fish in them.
Other regulations may include fishing seasons, creel limits, and whether boats are allowed or not. Some privately-owned ponds may be part of the conservatory, and you might not be allowed to fish in them at all. It’s best to do some research and ask around before starting to fish in a new pond.
Depending on the state and whether it’s a private pond or not, you may or may not need a license to for pond fishing.
What is the Best Bait For Pond Fishing?
You will find that Senkos, Wacky Worms, and Dingers may be ideal for pond fishing. This bait is small at around four to six inches and are soft plastic worms that can be rigged in a number of different ways. Jogs, spinnerbaits, and crankbaits are also acceptable bait for pond fishing as well.
How Do You Fish in a Shallow Pond?
You don’t always need an ocean to experience a successful fishing trip, sometimes all you need is a small, shallow pond. In these small ponds, you can find sunfish, bass, crappie, and channel catfish, and these are just a few of some of the more common fish varieties you can find in small ponds.
They usually hang out around fallen logs and any stumps that are submerged in the water. These areas offer them the best shelter and protection, so this is where you need to look.
When pond fishing, adjust your gear. A taller rod, for example, would be better suited for a larger body of water and deeper water. For a pond, you should avoid anything longer than six feet. Instead, use a fast action, medium-light rod with a spinning reel for the best results.
These pond fish are also going to be more attracted to sink worms, jigs, and shallow crankbaits, so make sure you have this bait in your tackle box, ready to go for your next pond fishing trip.
What are the Best Water Temperatures for Pond Fishing or Small Lake Fishing?
Many experts actually can’t really agree on what the best water temperatures are for fishing, so you will find several answers to this very popular question. If you plan on pond fishing or small lake fishing where the water is shallow, then a hot day can cause the fish to become more sluggish because the water warms up a lot more quickly than deeper water.
Other weather conditions also affect fishing success, such as light rain. When there is light rain, and it is overcast, the shallow water won’t reach temperatures that are too high. Instead, the fish will be more active, and the light rain will wash the insects and bait into the water.
How Can I Get More Creative in My Pond Fishing Approach?
If you are fishing during the summertime, then pond bass will often head toward shallow feeder creeks where they can find improved oxygen levels. The best thing to do is to find an overgrown and overlooked pond because this is going to prove to be much more productive than one that is often tended to.
Overgrown ponds provide the fish with more protection and can sometimes be harder to fish because of the overgrowth. So, having a good pair of hip boots is ideal. It allows you to get a slightly bigger reach to get those fish that would otherwise be harder to catch.
What are Some Tips and Tricks for Pond Trout Fishing?
When you are set on pond trout fishing, it is important to understand that trout are always going to be on the move as they move quickly through the water on the hunt for food. Rainbow trout, for example, have a different habitat than brown trout and move from their initial locations in just three days or less. Brown trout will require a fair amount of patience to reel in because even a small shadow will send them right out to deeper water.
The best bait for pond trout fishing are nightcrawlers (worms), mice tails, and salmon eggs, just to name a few. Fly fishing is also a fun way to catch trout in ponds and really isn’t as hard as you may think to learn. For fly fishing to catch trout in ponds, consider dry flies, wet flies, streamers, and stimulators.
Which Bait Works Well for Catching Rainbow Trout?
One of the most popular bait options for rainbow trout, and other trout varieties, is PowerBait. It comes in a small plastic jar and has the consistency of a playdough like substance. It is rainbow-colored dough with crystalline glitter that reflects the light and enhances visibility. It is moldable and extremely easy to use, and its scent and flavor enhancers attract trout.
Pond fishing can be a fun and rewarding activity. The best thing about it is that it requires a minimum of gear and experience. And if you can find a pond with low fishing pressure, even novices might be able to bag good enough catches.
Unlike what most people believe, ponds can be surprisingly rich in the fish. And just because they are small bodies of water, it doesn’t mean that you won’t find big fish in there. It’s very common to hook a few 3, 4-pound basses in a fruitful pond fishing trip.
Whether you are a pro or a beginner in the lovely activity of fishing, we hope you learned something new and useful reading this article.